LLT 325                                                                 Greek Civilization                          Final Guide 
General preparation: 
Be prepared to write a brief identification (3-5 specifics) for any   of the following terms. 
The material will be organized in separate 'Outlines' (short essay if you prefer),' so that 
your IDs should show connections among the various terms.  
On the Exam you will be asked to do 3  out of 5 Outlines, with similar choice among subtopics [total: 60 pts]; 
and a selection of IDs from remaining topics and chronology [20 pts.]. Plus matching [20 pts.]

Outline 1: Review the sequence of events connecting the two oligarchic revolts, the regime of the Four Hundred,
 and the Thirty Tyrants (following the fall of Athens).  
                     Be able to identify or explain  the following:  
Antiphon                                          Anytus
Alcibiades                                                            Lysander
Critias                                                Trial of the Arginusae Generals
Theramenes                                                        Thrasyboulos

Outline 2:  Trace the dominant issues in major debates of the Peloponnesian War (from Thucydides)       
                    Congress at Lacedaemon
                    Debate on Mitylene:  Cleon and Diodotus         
                    Melian Dialogue
                    Sicilian Debate:  Nicias and Alcibiades

Outline 3: Socrates'  Trial and Execution

Who are the prosecutors?
What are the formal charges against Socrates?
What are likely to be the real grounds for his conviction?
(Religious views or guilt by association with Critias and Alcibiades?)
Summarize Socrates' arguments in his own defense against both counts of his indictment. 

Consider here Aristophanes' Clouds, if not treated in Outline 4.
Add perspective from Crito or Euthyphro (optional)

Outline 4: Identify the principal characters and central issues  in 2 of 3 comedies:
  Acharnians,    Wasps,    Birds,  Lysistrata ,     and   Clouds       (or     Congresswomen )
What are the main issues  dates and the current events to which these dramas respond?
For example form Wasps:   Procleon and Contracleon
Who are the chorus of  'Wasps'?   Trial of the Dog (Labes)
Procleon the party machine (finale)
e.g from Acharnians --                                     Cleon         
Lamachus                                                             Euripides' Telephos
The rural Dionysia                                            Megarian comes to market]

Outline 5:          Compare developments in Art 
                    Early classical development: from static, 'orientalizing' pose ('archaic smile') 
                    Archaic kouros (e.g. Cleobis and Biton) 
                    Temple of Aphaia at Aegina  
                    Rhythmos --Diskobolos of Myron
                    High Classical: Parthenon;  Iktinos and Pheidias
                    Pediments, Metopes and Frieze (what themes?)
                    Later fifth c.-- 'Refuge in gesture':              Temple of Athena Nike;              Erectheum
                    Fourth century:  Refocus on personal experience-- Pathos        
                    Temple of Asclepius at Epidaurus              
                    Kephisodotus (Peace and Wealth)                                 Praxiteles (Hermes, Aphrodite)
                    Lysippus' new canon of symmetria, Polyeuctos' Demosthenes for example

Outline 6: Be able to give plot summaries and identify characters for
 one earlier tragedy--Sophocles' Ajax, or Trachiniae,--
plus one later tragedy--Electra  or Philoctetes  (in the aftermath of Sicilian disaster and revolt of 411) 
                    Compare characters and moral positions.