Study questions for "Two Revolutions" (from Thuc. 8 and Xenophon 2)

1) In each case outline the specific events by which democracy was replaced by oligarchy.

Who were the prime movers? .... With what motives?

How have the ideals of Athenian patriotism changed?


2) Focus on Xenophon's account (#12) of the Fall of Athens and rise of the 'Thirty Tyrants' (oligarchy of 404).

There were (reportedly) two rival factions within the junta, represented by Critias and Theramenes. This division came to a crisis with the 'trial of Theramenes'

Outline the chief accusations and arguments for the defense.

What was the outcome of the 'trial'?