Slide-rule for the optative

 pres./fut./aor. active middle regular λυ + ο + ι λυσ + ο + ι λυσα + ι- (or you/he/they =  -σειας/-σειε/-σειαν) -μι -ς - / -μεν -τε -εν -μην -ο (< σο) -το  -μεθα -σθε -ντο φιλε-ο ι >>   φιλ-οι- τιμα-οι-->   τιμῳ  + future & aorist formed regulary φιλήσοιμι, τιμήσαμι, ___________ liquid futures, e.g. βαλοί  + _________________ (ἵ)στα +ι + (1st aor. regular στησαιμι, κτλ.) _________________  (δι)δο + ι + _____________ all aorist passives  -(θ) ε + ι +  active endings -ην   -ης   -η   -μεν   -τε   -εν -μην   -ο (< σο)   -το   -μεθα   -σθε   -ντο

For the following verbs give the optative, 3rd sing.

 Present (act./mid) Future (act./mid) Aorist (act./mid) Aorist Passive ἀκούω (example) ἀκούοι, ἀκούοιτο ἀκού-σ-οιτο [ἀκουσθη-σοιτο] ἀκούσαι  (or ἀκούσειε) ἀκούσαιτο ἀκουσθείη βάλλω ἀπο-θνῄσκω κρατέω δίδωμι νικάω

Now do a sample  with 3rd pl.

 Present (act./mid) Future (act./mid) Aorist (act./mid) Aorist Passive ἀκούω (example) ἀκούοιεν ἀκούοιντο ἀκού-σ-οιντο [ἀκουσθη-σοιντο] ἀκούσαιεν  (or ἀκούσειαν) ἀκούσαιντο ἀκουσθείεν βάλλω κρατέω ἵστημι

Now, using the forms above, adapt the following sentences

from primary sequence to secondary (where subjunctive goes to optative).

 present --> past subjunctive >> optative He is working so that   ἐργάζεται ἵνα /ὅπως .... he may hear ...  they may prevail .... she may give .... they may stand ... (act. & mid.) ἀκούῃ κρατῶσι (δι)δῷ (ἱ)στῶσι /(ἱ)στῶνται He was working so that   ἠργάζετο ἵνα /ὅπως .... he might hear ...  they might prevail .... she might give .... they might stand ... (act. & mid.) ??