Apocrypha/Deuterocanon and Pseudepigrapha Bibliography of Gender Studies/Women in Antiquity

Victor H. Matthews (VictorMatthews@missouristate.edu)

Please send any additions to the above email address.

Return to Bibliographies Index Page

Return to Victor Matthews Home Page

This site was updated on 1-8-08. 


Abegg, M., P. Flint, and E. Ulrich, "Why is Esther Missing from Qumran?" BRev 15 (4, 1999), 2.

Alonzo-Schokel, L., "Narrative Structures in the Book of Judith," in The Center for Hermeneutical Studies in Hellenistic
     and Modern Culture.
Berkeley: GTU, 1975:1-20.

Amaru, B.H., "The First Woman, Wives, and Mothers in Jubilees," JBL 113/4 (1994), 609-626.

_____, "Portraits of Biblical Women in Josephus's Antiquities," JJS 39 (1988), 143-70.

Anderson, G.A., "The Pentitence Narrative in the Life of Adam and Eve," HUCA 63 (1992), 1-38.

_____, "Celibacy or Consummation in the Garden? Reflections on Early Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the Garden
    of Eden," HTR 82 (1989), 121-48.

Baarda, T., "The Shechem Episode in the Testament of Levi: A Comparison with Other Traditions," Sacred Hitory and
     Sacred Texts
(1992), 11-73.

Bailey, K., "Women in Ben Sirach and in the New Testament," in R.A. Coughenour, ed. For Me To Live: Essays in Honor
    of James Leon Kelso
. Cleveland: Dillon/Liederbach, 1972:56-73.

Bal, M., "Head Hunting: `Judith' on the Cutting Edge of Knowledge," JSOT 63 (1994), 3-34.

_____, "The Elders and Susanna," BibInt 1 (1993), 1-19.

Baumgarten, J.M., "On the Nature of the Seductress in 4Q184," RevQ 15 (1991), 133-43.

Begg, C.T., "The Retelling of the Story of Judges 19 by Pseudo-Philo and Josephus: A Comparison," EstBib 58
    (1999), 33-49.

Berquist, J.L., "Controlling Daughters' Bodies in Sirach," in M. Wyke, ed. Parchments of Gender: Deciphering the Bodies of
. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998: 95-120.

Blessing, K., "Desolate Jerusalem and Barren Matriarch: Two Distinct Figures in the Pseudepigrapha," JSP 18 (1998),

Bohn, B., "Rape and the Gendered Gaze: Susanna and the Elders in Early Modern Bologna," BibInt 9 (2001), 259-86.

Bow, B. and G.W.E. Nickelsburg, "Patriarchy with a Twist: Men and Women in Tobit," inA.J. Levine, ed.  "Women Like This"
    Atlanta: Scholars Press,
1991: 127-43.

Brewer, D.I., "Jewish Women Divorcing Their Husbands in Early Judaism: The Background to Papyrus Se'elim 13,"
    HTR 92 (1999), 349-57.

Brooke, G.J., "Susanna and paradise regained," In G. Brooke, ed. Women in the biblical tradition, 1992:92-111.

Bruns, J.E., "Judith or Jael," CBQ 16 (1954), 12-14.

Burrus, V. Chastity as Autonomy: Women in the Stories of the Apocryphal Acts. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, 1987.

Callaway, M. Sing, O Barren One: A Study in Comparative Midrash. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986.

Camp, C.V., "Honor and Shame in Ben Sira: Anthropological and Theological Reflections," in P.C. Beentjes, ed.
    The Book of Ben Sira in Modern Research. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1997: 171-88.

_____, "Understanding a Patriarchy: Women in Second Century Jerusalem Through the Eyes of Ben Sira," in A.J. Levine,
    ed. "Women Like This." Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991:1-39.

Caponigro, M.S., "Judith, Holding the Tale of Herodotus," in J.C. VanderKam, ed. "No One Spoke Ill of Her" (1992),

Carroll, M.P., "Myth, methodology and transformation in the Old Testament: the stories of Esther, Judith, and Susanna,"
    Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 12/3 (1983), 301-312.

Craven, T., "'From Where Will my Help Come?' Women and Prayer in the Apocrypha/Deuterocanonical Books," in M.P.
    Graham, et al, eds. Worship and the Hebrew Bible: Essays in Honor of John T. Willis. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic
    Press, 1999:95-109.

_____, "Judith 9: Strength and Deceit," in M.C. Kiley, ed. Prayer from Alexander to Constantine: A Critical
. London: Routledge, 1997a:59-64.

_____, "Judith Prays for Help (Judith 9:1-14)," in M. Kiley, ed. Prayer from Alexander to Constantine: A Critical
. London: Routledge, 1997b: 59-64.

_____, "Women Who Lied for the Faith," in D.A. Knight and P.J. Paris, eds. Justice and the Holy. Atlanta: Scholars
    Press, 1989:35-49.

_____. Artistry and Faith in the Book of Judith. Chico: Scholars Press, 1983a.

_____, "Tradition and Convention in the Book of Judith," Semeia 28 (1983), 49-62.

Cook, J.E., "Females and the Feminine in Pseudo-Philo," PEGLMBS 13 (1993), 151-59.

_____, "Pseudo-Philo's Song of Hannah: Treatment of a Mother in Israel," JSP 9 (1991), 103-114.

Corrington, G.P., "The `Divine Woman': a Reconsideration," ATR 70 (1988), 207-20.

_____, "The `Divine Woman'? Propaganda and the Power of Chastity in the New Testament Apocrypha," Helios 13
    (1986), 151-62.

Crawford, S.W., "Esther Not Judith," BRev 18/1 (2002), 22-31, 45.

Day, L., "Faith, Character and Perspective in Judith," JSOT 95 (2001), 71-93.

_____, "Power, Otherness, and Gender in the Biblical Short Stories," Horizons in Biblical Theology 20 (1998), 109-27.

DesCamp, M.T., "Why Are These Women Here? An Examination of the Sociological Setting of Pseudo-Philo through
    Comparative Reading," JSP 16 (1997), 53-80.

DeSilva, D.A., "Judith the Heroine? Lies, Seduction, and Murder in Cultural Perspective," BTB 36 (2006), 55-61.

De Troyer, K., "Septuagint and Gender Studies: The Very Beginning," FCRB (1997), 326-343.

DiLella, A.A., "Women in the Wisdom of Ben Sira and the Book of Judith," in J.A. Emerton, ed. Congress Volume: Paris
. Leiden: Brill, 1991: 39-52.

Dunn, R.P., "Discriminations in the comic spirit in the story of Susanna," Christianity and Literature 31/4 (1982), 19-31.

Eron, L.J., "`That Women Have Mastery Over Both King and Beggar' (TJud. 155)--The Relationship of the Fear of
    Sexuality to the Status of Women in Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha: 1 Esdras (3 Ezra) 3-4, Ben Sira and The
    Testament of Judah
," JSP 9 (1991), 43-66.

Eynde, Sabine van den, “Crying to God: prayer and plot in the book of Judith,” Bib 85/2 (2004), 217-231.

Feldman, L.H., "Reflections on John R. Levison's `Josephus's Version of Ruth,'" JSP 8 (1991), 42-52.

Gardiner, A.E., "The Relationship of the Additions to the Book of Esther to the Maccabean Crisis," JSPHRP 15
    (1984), 1-8.

Garrett, S.R., "The `Weaker Sex' in the Testament of Job," JBL 112 (1993), 55-70.

Gershenson, D.E., "Baitomesthaim in the Book of Judith," Henoch 20 (1998), 51-55.

Gilbert, M., "Ben Sira et la femme," Revue Theologique de Louvain 7 (1976), 426-42.

Glancy, J.A., "The Mistress-Slave Dialectic: Paradoxes of Slavery in Three LXX Narratives," JSOT 72 (1996), 71-87.

_____, "The Accused: Susanna and her Readers," JSOT 58 (1993), 103-16.

Himmelfarb, M., "Levi, Phinehas, and the Problem of Intermarriage at the Time of the Maccabean Revolt," JSQ 6
    (1999), 1-24.

Horst, P.W. van der, "Portraits of Biblical Women in Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum," Journal for the Study of
    the Pseudepigrapha
5 (1989), 29-46.

Hubbard, M., "Honey for Aseneth: Interpreting a Religious Symbol," JSP 16 (1997), 97-110.

Ilan, T. Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine: An Inquiry Into Image and Status. Tubingen: Mohr, 1995.

_____, "Biblical Women's Names in the Apocryphal Traditions," JSP 11 (1993), 3-67.

Jacobs, A.S., "A Family Affair: Marriage, Class, and Ethics in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles," JECS 7/1 (1999), 105.

Kloppenberg, J.S., "Isis and Sophia in the Book of Wisdom," HTR 75 (1982), 57-84.

Lemos, T.M., “Shame and mutilation of enemies in the Hebrew Bible,” JBL 125/2 (2006), 225-241.

Levine, A.J., "Women in Tobit," TBT 37 (1999), 80-85.

_____, "`Hemmed in on Every Side': Jews and Women in the Book of Susanna," FCEJS (1995), 303-323.

_____, "Sacrifice and Salvation: Otherness and Domestication in the Book of Judith," FCEJS (1995), 208-223.

_____, "Sacrifice and Salvation: Otherness and Domestication in the Book of Judith," in J. VanderKam, ed. "No One Spoke
    Ill of Her": Essays on Judith
. Atlanta: Scholars, 1992a:17-30.

_____, "Diaspora as metaphor: bodies and boundaries in the Book of Tobit," In J. Overman and R. MacLennan, eds.
    Diaspora Jews and Judaism, 1992b:105-117.

_____, "Tobit: Teaching Jews How to Live in the Diaspora," BRev 8/4 (1992c), 42-51, 64.

Levison, J.R., "Judith 16:14 and the Creation of Woman," JBL 114/3 (1995), 467-69.

_____, "Josephus' Version of Ruth," JSP 8 (1991), 31-44.

_____, "The Exoneration of Eve in the Apocalypse of Moses 15-20," JSP 20 (1989), 135-50.

_____, "Is Eve to Blame? a Contextual Analysis of Sirach 25:24," CBQ 47 (1985), 617-23.

Madamana, G., "The Spirituality of the Family of Tobit," BibBh 17 (1991), 161-80.

Martinez, F.G., "Man and Woman: Halakhah Based upon Eden in the Dead Sea Scrolls," in G.P. Luttikhuizen, ed.
    Paradise Interpreted. Leiden: Brill, 1999: 95-115.

Matthews, S., "Ladies' Aid: Gentile Noblewomen as Saviors and Benefactors in the Antiquities," HTR 92 (1999), 199-218.

Mayer-Schärtel, B., "Das Frauenbild des Josephus," Bibel und Kirche 53 (1998), 84-86.

McCracken, D., "Narration and Comedy in the Book of Tobit," JBL 114/3 (1995), 401-418.

McKeating, P., "Jesus ben Sira's Attitude Toward Women," ExpT 85 (1970), 85-87.

Milne, P.J., "What Shall We Do With Judith? A Feminist Reassessment of a Biblical `Heroine'," Semeia 62 (1993),

Moore, C.A., "Susanna--Sexual Harassment in Ancient Babylon," BRev 8/3 (1992a), 20-29, 52.

Moore, C.A., "Why Wasn't the Book of Judith Included in the Hebrew Bible?," in "No One Spoke Ill of Her," (1992),

_____, "Judith: The Case of the Pious Killer," BRev 6/1 (1990), 26-36.

_____. Judith: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. AB, 40; Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1985.

Moore, S.D. and J.C. Anderson, "Taking It Like a Man: Masculinity in 4 Maccabees," JBL 117 (1998), 249-73.

Olson, D.C., "'Those Who Have Not Defiled Themselves With Women': Revelation 14:4 and the Book of Enoch," CBQ 59/3
    (1997), 492-510.

O'Neill, J.C., "The Woman Whose Son Died as he Entered His Bridal Chamber (4 Ezra 9 and 10)," IBS 22 (2000), 50-70.

Otzen, B. Tobit and Judith. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002.

Pahk, J.Y.S., "Women as Snares: A Metaphor of Warning in Qoh 7,26 and Sir 9,3," in N. Calduch-Benages and J.
    Vermeylen, eds. Treasures of Wisdom. BETL 143; Leuven: Peeters/Leuven U. Press, 1999: 397-404.

Pervo, R.I., "Aseneth and Her Sisters: Women in Jewish Narrative and in the Greek Novels," in Women Like This: New
    Perspectives on Jewish Women in the Greco-Roman World
. ed. A.J. Levine.Atlanta:  Scholars, 1991:145-160.

Pilch, J.J., "'Beat His Ribs While He Is Young' (Sirach 30:12)," BTB 23 (1993), 101-13.

Pippin, T., "The Heroine and the Whore: Fantasy and the Female in the Apocalypse of John," Semeia 60 (1992a), 67-82.

_____, "Eros and the End: Reading for Gender in the Apocalypse of John," Semeia 59 (1992b), 193-210.

Polaski, D.C., "On Taming Tamar: Amran's Rhetoric and Women's Roles in Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum
9," JSP 13 (1995), 79-99.

Reese, J.M. Hellenistic Influence on the Book of Wisdom and Its Consequences. Rome: PBI, 1970.

Roitman, A.D., "Achior in the Book of Judith: His Role and Significance," in "No One Spoke Ill of Her," (1992), 31-45.

Rook, J., "The Names of the Wives from Adam to Abraham in the Book of Jubilees," JSP 7 (1990), 105-17.

Schroer, S., "The One Lord and Male Dominance in the Book of Jesus Sirach: The Image of Woman and the Image of
    Wisdom in a Misogynistic Document," in S. Schroer, Wisdom Has Built Her House. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical
    Press, 2000: 84-97.

Shemesh, A., "4Q271.3: Key to Sectarian Matrimonial Law," JJS 49 (1998), 244-63.

Shinan, A., "Moses and the Ethiopian Woman: Sources of a Story in the Chronicles of Moses," Scripta Hierosolymitana 27
    (1978), 66-78.

Skehan, P.W., "The Hand of Judith," CBQ 25 (1963), 94-109.

Stocker, M. Judith: Sexual Warrior: Women and Power in Western Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

Stone, N., "Judith and Holofernes: Some Observations on the Development of the Scene in Art," in "No One Spoke Ill of
(1992), 73-93.

Taylor, J.E. Jewish Women Philosophers of First Century Alexanderia: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered. London:
     Oxford University Press, 2004.

Trenchard, W.C. Ben Sira's View of Women: a Literary Analysis. Chico: Scholars, 1982.

Van Der Ploeg, J.P.M., "Some Remarks on a Newly Found Syriac Text of the Book of Judith," in f.G. Martinez, A.
    Hilhost and C.J. Labuschagne, eds. The Scriptures and the Scrolls. VTSup 49; Leiden: Brill, 1992:125-34.

Van Henten, J.W., "Judith as Alternative Leader: A Rereading of Judith 7-13," FCEJS (1995), 224-252.

_____, "Judith as a Female Moses: Judith 7-13 in the Light of Exodus 17; Numbers 20 and Deuteronomy 33:8-11," in
    F. van Dijk-Hemmes and A. Brenner, eds. Reflections on Theology and Gender. Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1994:

Webster, J.S., "Sophia: Engendering Wisdom in Proberbs, Ben Sira and the Wisdom of Solomon," JSOT 78 (1998),

White, S.A., "In the Steps of Jael and Deborah: Judith as Heroine," in "No One Spoke Ill of Her," (1992), 5-16.

_____, "Esther: A Feminine Model for Jewish Diaspora," in P.L. Day, ed. Gender and Difference in Ancient
. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1989:161-77.

Wilson, Brittany E., “Pugnacious precursors and the bearer of peace: Jael, Judith, and Mary in Luke 1:42,” CBQ
    68/3 (2006), 436-456.

Wurmbrand, M., "A Falasha Version of the Story of Susanna," Bib 44 (1963), 29-45.

Young, R.D., "The 'Woman With the Soul of Abraham': Traditions about the Mother of the Maccabean Martyrs,"
    in A.J. Levine, ed. 'Women Like This': New Perspectives on Jewish Women in the Greco-Roman World.
    EJL, 1: Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991:67-70.

Zenger, E., "Das Buch Judit," in W.G. Kummel and H. Lictenberger, eds. Judische Schriften aus hellenistisch-
    romischer Zeit
. Gutersloh: Gutersloher Verlagshaus, 1981:427-534.

Zimmermann, F., "The Story of Susanna and Its Original Language," JQR 48 (1957-58), 236-41.

_____, "Aids for the Recovery of the Hebrew Original of Judith," JBL 57 (1938), 73.