Gilded Age Politics

Voter Turnout

Republican Party

Democratic Party
  -Jeffersonian small government
     -laissez faire economic policies
     -states' rights
     -personal liberties


Civil War and Reconstruction
     -"Waving the Bloody Shirt of Rebellion"
     -"Party of Negro Domination"
          -Federal Elections Bill of 1890
               -Lodge Force Bill

Spoils System
     -Merit Civil Service Appointments
          -Liberal Republicans (1872)
          -Mugwumps (1884)

James A. Garfield
   -Pendleton Act (1883)

Protective Tariff
     -James G. Blaine
          -Roscoe Conkling
     -Grover Cleveland

Reverend Samuel Burchard
   -"Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion"

Ethno-Cultural Cleavages
     -Liturgicals  (Ritualists)

Urban Political Machines
  -Tammany Hall (NYC)

Women’s Issues
     -Women's Suffrage
     -Frances Willard
          -Woman's Christian Temperance Union

Laborers’ Issues
     -Artisan to Laborer

Knights of Labor
     -Union Labor Party (1886-1888)

American Federation of Labor

Monopoly Issue (RRs)
    -Long Haul-Short Haul Differential
     -Granger Laws
          -Munn v. Illinois (1877)
          -Wabash v. Illinois (1886)
     -Interstate Commerce Commission (1887)

Money Issue
     -Free & Unlimited Coinage of Silver & Gold
           -at a ratio of 16 to 1 (1834-1873)
                 -Free Silver
     -Greenbacks (1862-1879)
     -Gold Standard (1873-1933)

Billion Dollar Congress (1890)
   -McKinley Tariff
     -Dependent Pension Act
     -U.S. Navy
     -Sherman Silver Purchase Act
     -Sherman Antitrust Act

People’s or Populist Party
     -Panic of 1893
     -John McBride (AFL)

Election of 1896
    -Republican Party
          -William McKinley & Garrett Hobart
     -Democratic Party
          -William Jennings Bryan & Arthur M. Sewall
     -People’s or Populist Party
          -William Jennings Bryan & Thomas E. Watson


       Voter Turnout,






Merit & Patronage Appointments




















       Gold Certificate           Silver Certificate

  National Bank Note

    Greenback (Front)          Greenback (Back)

     CSA - Missouri                   CSA - National

1923  1,000 / 1,000,000 Deutschmark

     Election of 1896


Worth Robert Miller, "The Lost World Of Gilded Age Politics," 
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 1, no. 1 (January 2002): 49-67,