Monopoly and Theodore Roosevelt

Great Merger Movement (1895-1904)

Vertical Integration

Horizontal Integration  (Cartel)
           -Standard Oil Company (1882)
           -John D. Rockefeller
      -Holding Company
          -American Tobacco Co. (1889)
          -James Duke

Sherman Antitrust Act  (1890)
    -U.S. vs. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
      -Northern Securities Co. vs. U.S. (1904)

Theodore Roosevelt
   -Trust Busting
      -Bully Pulpit

Anthracite Strike (1902)

Standard Oil Company
-John D. Rockefeller

Gentleman's Agreement
  -J.P. Morgan

     -Elkins Act (1903)
Hepburn Act (1906)
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
          -Upton Sinclair, The Jungle (190

William Howard Taft
-Insurgent Republicans

Gifford Pinchot

Pottawatomie Speech (1910)


New Nationalism
-Progressive Party of 1912
      -Bull Moose Party

New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson
-Louis Brandeis








  Theodore Roosevelt







& Legislation


William Howard Taft



     Election of 1912