Monopoly and 
      Theodore Roosevelt

Great Merger Movement (1895-1904)

Vertical Integration

Horizontal Integration  (Cartel)
           -Standard Oil Company (1882)
           -John D. Rockefeller
      -Holding Company
          -American Tobacco Co. (1889)
          -James Duke

Sherman Antitrust Act  (1890)
      -U.S. vs. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
      -Northern Securities Co. vs. U.S. (1904)

Theodore Roosevelt

Trust Busting
      -Bully Pulpit
      -Northern Securities Case (1902)

Anthracite Strike (1902)

Standard Oil Company
     -John D. Rockefeller

Gentleman's Agreement
     -J.P. Morgan

Newlands Act (1902)

Elkins Act (1903)

Hepburn Act (1906)

Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
      -Upton Sinclair, The Jungle (1906)

Panic of 1907

William Howard Taft
Insurgent Republicans
     -Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909)
     -Gifford Pinchot

Ossawatomie Speech (1910)

New Nationalism
Progressive Party of 1912
           -Bull Moose Party

Woodrow Wilson
      -New Freedom












  Theodore Roosevelt





& Legislation

  William Howard Taft






     Election of 1912