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Ornamental Pear, Bradford Pear

Pyrus calleryana

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

▲ mature cultivated plants, showing characteristic pyramidal shape

▲▼ flowering plants in spring

▲ fall color of ornamental planting

▲ flower buds (tan, fuzzy) and leaves

▲▼ fruit (about 1/2 inch diameter)

wild seedlings invading an open field ▲▼

▲▼ thorns on root sprout trees

stout, thorn-like spurs on wild plants and rootstock sprouts (▲ above 3 photos)

▲ flowering wild seedlings along a highway

rootsprouts from cut tree-- has thorns (shown on fence rail above)

▲▼ red fall color on trees along highway (above) and edge of pasture (below) in southwest Missouri

▼ (below 3) Ornamental Pears didn't fare well after January 2007 ice storm in Springfield, MO

Ornamental Pear:  (not in Weeds of the Great Plains, nor Weeds of the Northeast)

         Medium-sized tree, often branched near the base, with glossy, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of white, fragrant (some think not good-smelling) flowers in spring, followed by small (1/2 diameter) brown, rough-textured fruit

         Can only produce fruit if two different cultivars are grown within pollination distance of each other

         Commonly planted as an ornamental, but tends to experience branch splitting after 15-20 years of age, in windstorms or ice storms (often destroys above-ground portion of tree)

         Root sprouts (after top damage) or seedlings often have stout thorns

         Becoming invasive in central U.S.; can germinate in dense vegetation (pastures, roadsides, prairies, savannahs, fallow fields) and can flower within 5 years of germination;  is not easily killed by fire or herbicides once stem is 1 inch diameter


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