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Spanish Needles

Bidens bipinnata L.

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

▲ seedling

▲▼ young plants

▲▼ flowering plants

▲ leaf

▲ inflorescence

▲ inflorescence, fruit and leaves

▲ mature fruit (right) and developing fruit (left)

 ▲ mature fruit, showing 3-spined needle-like fruit

Bidens bipinnata L., Spanish Needles: (Bayer Code:  BIDBI; US Code BIBI)

         Is a summer annual with opposite, finely divided (bipinnately compound) leaves

         Flowers heads have 1-5 very short (0.25 inch) or absent yellow ray flowers, and 12-27 yellow disk flowers

         Seeds mature to long, needle-like burs which attach to passing animals

         Spanish needles is found in disturbed sites, open woods, pastures, right-of-ways, urban landscapes and non-crop areas, drier soils

         Some similar species:

        o   Devilís Beggarticks (Bidens frondosa) has pinnately-compound leaves with toothed, lanceolate leaflets, flowers lack ray flowers and the burs are short and attached to a triangular seed

        o   Nodding Beggarticks (Bidens cernua) has simple lanceolate leaves with toothed, lanceolate leaflets, 6-8 ray showy flowers (petals) per head and burs and seeds similar to devilís beggarticks

        o   Tickseed Beggarticks (Bidens aristosa) has pinnately compound leaves with toothed, lanceolate leaflets (leaflets often more narrow than devils beggarticks) and 6-8 showy ray flowers (petals) per head and triangular, 2-burred seeds

        o   Swamp Beggarticks (Bidens tripartita) has simple lanceolate leaves with toothed margins, sometimes with 3 deep lobes; flowers lack ray flowers; it often grows in wet soils near ponds, lakes, rivers



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Updated 19 January 2019