Church History -- Gender Studies
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Last Updated: March 13, 2008
Adkin, N., "Self-Imitation in Jerome's Libellus de virginitate servanda (Epist. XXII)," Athenaeum 83/2 (1995), 469-85.
_____, "Athanasius' Letter to Virgins and Jerome's Libellus de virginitate servanda," RFIC 120/2 (1992), 185-203.
“On the Visual and the Vision: the Magdalene in Early Christian and Byzantine
Auclair, M. Teresa of Avila. New York: Pantheon Books, 1953.
Boss, S.J. Empress and Handmaid: on Nature and Gender in the Cult of the Virgin Mary. New York: Cassell, 2000.
Bowie, F. and O. Davies. Hildegard of Bingen: An Anthology. London: SPCK, 1990.
Bowman-Thurston, B. The Widows: A Woman's Ministry in the Early Church. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1989.
Brauner, S. Fearless Wives and Frightened Shrews: The Construction of the
Witch in Early Modern Germany.
Briggs, R. Witches and Neighbors: The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft. New York: Viking, 1996.
Brooten, B., "Early Christian Women and Their Cultural Context," in
Feminist Perspectives on Biblical Scholarship, ed.
Brown, P. The Body and Society: Men, Women and Sexual Renunciation in
Early Christianity. New York: Columbia
_____. The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.
Burrus, V., "'Equipped for Victory': Ambrose and the Gendering of Orthodoxy," JECS 4/4 (1996), 461-75.
Cabaniss, A., "The Woes of Dhuoda, or France's First Woman of Letters," Mississippi Quarterly 11 (1958), 38-49.
Carroll, M. The Cult of the Virgin Mary: Psychological Origins. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Caspers, C., "Leviticus 12, Mary and Wax: Purification and Churching in Late
Medieval Christianity," in M. Poorthuis
Chadwick, N. The Age of the Saints in the Early Irish Church. London: Oxford, 1961.
Chance, J. Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages. Gainesville: U. Press of Florida, 1996.
Church, F.F., "Sex and Salvation in Tertullian," HTR 68 (1975), 83-101.
Clark, E., "Holy Women, Holy Words: Early Christian Women, Social
History, and the 'Linguistic Turn'," JECS 6/3
_____. Women in the Early Church. Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 1983.
_____, "Ascetic Renunciation and Feminine Advancement: A Paradox of Late
Ancient Christianity," ATR 63 (1981a),
_____. Jerome, Chrysostom and Friends: Essays and Translations.
Studies in Women and Religion; New York: Edwin
_____, "John Chrysostom and the Subintroductae," Church History 46 (1977a), 171-85.
_____, "Sexual Politics in the Writings of John Chrysostom," ATR 59 (1977b), 3-20.
Condren, M. The Serpent and the Goddess: Women, Religion and Power in
Celtic Ireland. San Francisco: Harper and
Coster, W., "Purity, Profanity, and Puritanism: The Churching of Women (1300-1700)," SCH 27 (1990), 377-87.
Croskery, J., "Christian Work of Women in the Early Church," ExpT 15 (1903-04), 111-115.
DeFelice, John F., Jr.,
“Women, Slaves, and Society in Rome's Empire and the Early Church,”
Light of Discovery.
Dillenberger, J., "The Magdalen: reflections on the image of the saint
and sinner in Christian art," In Y. Haddad & E.
Donovan, L.A. Women Saints' Lives in Old English prose. Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer, 1999.
Dronke, P. Women Writers of the Middle Ages: A Critical Study of Texts
from Perpetua to Marguerite Porete.
Dunn, G.D., "Tertullian and Rebekah: a Re-reading of an `Anti-Jewish'
Argument in Early Christian Literature," VC 52/2
Eckenstein, L. Women Under Monasticism, 500-1500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896.
Fatula, M.A. Catherine of Siena's Way. Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 1987.
Flanagan, S. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1170): a Visionary Life. London: Routledge, 1989.
Fox, M., ed. Hildegard of Bingen's Book of Divine Works, with Letters and Songs. Santa Fe: Bear, 1987.
French, D.R., "Maintaining Boundaries: The Status of Actresses in Early Christian Society," VC 52/3 (1998), 293-318.
Gager, J. Kingdom and Community: The Social World of Early Christianity.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall,
Gebara, I. and M.C. Bingemeyer. Mary, Mother of God, Mother of the Poor. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books,1989.
Goldman, S. The Wiles of Women/The Wiles of Men: Joseph and Potiphar's
Wife in Ancient Near Eastern, Jewish,
Gryson, R. The Ministry of Women in the Early Church. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1976.
Haines-Eitzen, K., "'Girls Trained in Beautiful Writing': Female Scribes
in Roman Antiquity and Early Christianity,"
Hart, C. and J. Bishop, eds. Hildegard of Bingen: Scivias. New York: Paulist, 1990.
Harvey, G., "The Suffering of Witches and Children: Uses of the
Witchcraft Passages in the Bible," in Words
Harvey, S.A., "Sacred Bonding: Mothers and Daughters in Early Syriac Hagiography," JECS 4/1 (1996), 27-56.
Heimmel, J., "God Is Our Mother": Julian of Norwich and the
Medieval Image of Christian Feminine Divinity.
Heine, R. The Montanist Oracles and Testimonia. Macon: Mercer University Press, 1989.
Herlihy, D. Medieval Households. Cambridge: Harvard U. Press, 1985.
Hillgarth, J.N. Christianity and Paganism: 350-750. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.
Hozeski, B., trans. Scivias by Hildegard of Bingen. Santa Fe: Bear, 1986.
Hughes, K. Church and Society in Ireland: A.D. 400-1200. London: Variorum Reprints, 1987.
Humphreys, C. From Ash to Fire [Teresa of Avila]. New York: New City Press, 1992.
Jensen, A. God's Self-Confident Daughters: Early Christianity and the
Liberation of Women. Louisville, KY:
Karras, V., "Male domination of woman in the writings of Saint John
Chrysostom," Greek Orthodox Theological
Kaveny, M. Cathleen, “The
Order of Widows: What the Early Church Can Teach Us About
Women and Health Care,”
Kearns, C. The Life of Catherine of Siena. Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 1980.
Kempe, M. The Book of Margery Kempe: a New Translation. Image/Doubleday, 1998.
Kemp-Welch, A. Of Six Medieval Women. Williamstown, MA: Corner House, 1972.
King, K.L., ed. Images of the Feminine in Gnosticism. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988.
Kirschner, J. and S. Wemple, eds. Women of the Medieval World. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985.
Klawiter, F.C., "The Role of Martyrdom and Persecution in Developing the
Priestly Authority of Women in Early
Koch, R., "Mechthild von Magdeburg, Woman of Two Worlds," 14th Century
English Mystics Newsletter 3
Kraemer, R.S. Women and Christian Origins. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
_____. Gender and Christianity. New York: Oxford, 1998.
_____. Her Share of the Blessings: Women's Religions among Pagans, Jews,
and Christians in the
_____, "Women's Authorship of Jewish and Christian Literature in the
Greco-Roman Period," in A.J. Levine, ed.
_____. Maenads, Martyrs, Matrons, Monastics: a Sourcebook on Women's
Religions in the Greco-Roman World.
_____, "Women in the Religions of the Graeco-Roman World," RSR 9 (1983), 127-39.
_____, " The Conversion of Women to Ascetic Forms of Christianity," Signs 6 (1980), 298-307.
_____ and M.R. D'Angelo, eds. Women and Christian Origins. New York: Oxford, 1999.
Lachman, B. The Journal of Hildegard of Bingen. New York: Bell Tower, 1993.
Laurence, P., "Ivresse et luxure feminines: les sources classiques de Jerome," Latomus 57/4 (1998), 885-99.
Lefkowitz, M.R., "The Motivations for St. Perpetua's Martyrdom," JAAR 44 (1976), 417-21.
Leitman, M. and W. Zeisel, "Univera: An Example of Continuity and Change
in Roman Society," Church History 46
MacDonald, M.Y. Early Christian Women and Pagan Opinion: The Power of the
Hysterical Woman. Cambridge:
Mackey, J.P., ed. An Introduction to Celtic Christianity. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1989.
Madigan, S., ed. Mystics, Visionaries and Prophets. Minneapolis: Augsburg/Fortress, 1998.
McKenna, M.L. Women of the Church: Role and Renewal. New York: P.J. Kenedy and Sons, 1967.
McNamara, J.A., J. Halborg, and E.G. Whatley, eds. Sainted Women of the
Dark Ages. Durham: Duke University
McNamara, J.A. A New Song: Celibate Women in the First Three Christian Centuries. New York: Haworth, 1983.
_____, "Wives and Widows in Early Christian Thought," International Journal of Women's Studies 2 (1979), 575-92.
_____ and S. Wemple, "Sanctity and Power: The Dual Pursuit of Medieval
Women," in R. Bridenthal and C. Koonz, eds.
_____, "Marriage and Divorce in the Frankish Kingdom," in S.M. Stuard, ed.
Women in Medieval Society. Philadelphia:
_____, "Sexual Equality and the Cult of Virginity in Early Christian Thought," Feminist Studies 3 (1976), 145-58.
Marchand, J., "The Frankish Mother: Dhuoda," in K.M. Wilson, ed. Medieval
Women Writers. Athen: University
Marcus, I., "Mothers, Martyrs, and Moneymakers: Some Jewish Women in
Medieval Europe," Conservative Judaism
Marjanen, Antti, “Mary
Magdalene, a Beloved Disciple,” In Mariam, the Magdalen, and the
Meeks, W.A., "The Image of the Androgyne: Some Uses of a Symbol in
Earliest Christianity," History of Religions 13
Meens, R., "A Relic of Superstition, Bodily Impurity and the Church from
Gregory the Great to the Twelfth Century
Metteer, C.A., "'Mary Needs Martha': The Purposes of Manual Labor in
Early Egyptian Monasticism," St. Vladimir's
Mutter, K.F., "An Evaluation of Chrysostom's Theology of Marriage and Family," BRT 8 (1998), 24-38.
Nugent, R. Portrait of the Consecrated Woman in the Greek Christian
Literature of the First Four Centuries.
Otten, W., "Christ's Birth of a Virgin who Became a Wife: Flesh and
Speech in Tertullian's De carne Christi," VChr
Pagels, E.H. The Gnostic Gospels. New York: Random House, 1979.
_____, "What Became of God the Mother: Conflicting Images of God in Early Christianity," Signs 2 (1976), 293-303.
Palmer, R., "Roman Shrines of Female Chastity from the Caste Struggle to
the Papacy of Innocent I," Revista storica
Judith, “The Rhetoric of the Maternal Body in the Passion of Perpetua,” In
Mapping Gender in Ancient Religious
Peters, M., "The Beguines: Feminine Piety Derailed," Spirituality Today 43 (1991), 36-52.
Petroff, E.A., ed. Medieval Women's Visionary Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Pierce, J.M., "'Green Women' and Blood Pollution: Some Medieval Rituals for
the Churching of Women after Childbirth,"
Rader, R., "The Martyrdom of Perpetua: a Protest Account of
Third-Century Christianity," in P. Wilson-Kastner, ed.
Radice, B., trans. The Letters of Abelard and Heloise. New York: Penguin, 1974.
Rouwhorst, G., "Leviticus 12--15 in Early Christianity,"in in M. Poorthuis
and J. Schwartz, eds. Purity and Holiness: The
Ruether, R.R., "Mothers of the Church: Ascetic Women in the Late
Patristic Age," in R. Ruether and E. McLaughlin,
_____, "Misogynism and Virginal Feminism in the Fathers of the
Church," in R. Ruether, ed. Religion and Sexism, 1974:
Sawyer, D.F. Women and Religion in the First Christian Centuries. Routledge, 1996.
Schlabach, G., "'Love is the Hand of the Soul': The Grammar of
Continence in Augustine's Doctrine of Christian Love,"
Schuessler Fiorenza, E., "Word, Spirit and Power: Women in Early
Christian Communities," in R.R. Ruether and E.
_____, "`You are not to be called Father,' Early Christian History in a
Feminist Perspective," Cross Currents
Shank, M.H., "A Female University Student in Late Medieval Krakow," Signs 12 (1987), 373.
Shaw, T.M. The Burden of the Flesh: Fasting and Sexuality in Early
Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress/
Shoemaker, Stephen J., “The
Virgin Mary in the Ministry of Jesus and the Early Church According to the
Sivan, H., "Anician Women, the Cento of Proba, and Aristocratic
Conversion in the Fourth Century [religious life and
Smith, S.L. The Power of Women: a Topos in Medieval Art and Literature.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania
Strehlow, W. and G. Hertzka. Hildegard of Bingen's Medicine. Santa Fe: Bear, 1988.
Tavard, G. Woman in Christian Tradition. University of Notre Dame Press, 1973.
Temporini, H. Die Frauen am Hofe Trajans: Ein Beitrag zur Stellung der
Augustae im Principat. Berlin: de Gruyter,
Thurston, B.B. The Widows: A Women's Ministry in the Early Church. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1989.
Turpin, J. Women in Church History. Cincinnati: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 1989.
Viden, G., "St. Jerome On Female Chastity: Subjugating the Elements of Desire," SO 73 (1998), 139-57.
Vierow, H., "Feminine and Masculine Voices in the Passion of Saints
Perpetua and Felicitas," Latomus 58/3
Voaden, R. God's Words, Women's Voices: the Discernment of Spirits in the
Writings of Late-Medieval Women
Wagner, W., "Divine Femaleness: Two Second Century Contributions [Apuleius
of Madaura and Clement of
Ward, B. Harlots of the Desert. London/Oxford: Mobray, 1987.
Wemple, S. Women in Frankish Society. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.
Wilson-Kastner, P., et al, eds. A Lost Tradition: Women Writers of the Early Church. University Press of America, 1981.
Winslow, D., "Priesthood and Sexuality in Post-Nicene Fathers," SLJT 18 (1975), 216f.
Winstead, K.A. Chaste Passions: Medieval English Virgin Martyr Legends.
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University
_____. Virgin Martyrs: Legends of Sainthood in Late Medieval England. Cornell, 1997.
Wire, Antoinette Clark,
“Women's History from Birth-Prophecy Stories,” In Christian Origins.
Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 2005:
Wolmarans, Johannes L.P., “Misogyny as a meme: the legacy of James 1:12-18,” Acta Patristica et Byzantina 17 (2006), 349-361.
Yarbrough, A., "The Christianization of Rome: The Example of Roman Women," Church History 45 (1976), 149-65.