LLT 321 Comparative Mythology Spring 2014
Edwin Carawan, Siceluff 115 -- Office Hour: 1pm M-F
phone: 836-4831.... ECarawan@missouristate.edu
Objectives: This course is an investigation of the common patterns and social causes of myth-making. The guiding theme of our study will be Violence and Order: we focus on the way myth seems to justify the practices of religion and early law as originating in some 'killing-in-exchange' (sacrifice or retribution).
Readings are divided into two units: (1) Creation and the Cosmos; and (2) the Hero's Quest. With so wide a scope, we shall have to be selective. For primary material, Greek myth is central because it is so fully preserved. For comparison we focus first upon the most ancient sources, Sumer and Babylon, with a brief look at Egypt; we then turn to the relatively recent but remarkably primitive remains of Norse saga and related Germanic legend. Parallel to this last set of readings we will sample and discuss a representative work of modern mythography: Walter Burkert's Structure and History, an influential model tracing the roots of mythmaking back to defining violence in early human society.
Reqirements: The course grade will consist of 2 components: (a) Quizzes and in-class exercises (total 50%), (b) Essays and/or Final Exam (25% each) -- The quizzes are largely short answer, matching and brief identification (See Practice for Quiz 1 linked below). The option of submitting a second Essay in lieu of the Final is reserved for those who have an A-average (90 or above) after Quiz 4; outline must be approved.
Readings should be completed for the assigned date, and basic comprehension will be measured by in-class exercises. The essays reflect upon common and contrasting elements in two or more traditions; 4-5 pages suggested. (Essay guides below).
The Final is largely review: short answer on basic terms, discussion of broader themes.
Integrity: Any request for make-up or rescheduling of tests should document reasonable need. Any academic dishonesty will be subject to sanctions (as listed in Student Academic Integrity, p.4) proportionate to the work: zero on quiz; course F on essay; XF on Final.
Special considerations: We strongly support University policies to accommodate students with disabilities and to prevent or remedy discrimination of any kind. If you have a concern or special need, please advise the instructor. In regard to disabilities, you may also contact Disability Services (836-4192) http://www.missouristate.edu/disability; regarding discrimination, the Equal Opportunity Officer (836-4252) or go to http://www.missouristate.edu/human/eoaa.htm.
Texts: Thorkild Jacobsen, The Treasures of Darkness (1976 = TD);
Lombardo, The Essential Homer (2000); HRE Ellis, Gods and Myths of Northern Europe (=MNE)
Burkert, Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual. Additional materials provided in class and online.
Recommended: J. Byock trans. The Saga of the Volsungs ; Burkert, Homo Necans; Wm. Ian Miller, Eye for an Eye.
Jan. 14 ... Preface: ..... sketch of Creation stories
Jan. 16 ... TD 3-25: Sumerians and discovery of the Sacred ...
rough timeline for Greece and Near East
Jan. 23 ... Treasures ch. 3-4 (77-116) TD 77-91:
Jan. 28 ... Treasures ch. 4, cont. TD 95-143:
The Sumerian Pantheon Rising ...
Jan 30 ... TD 146-64, Rise of Personal Religion
Feb. 4 ... Quiz 1
Feb. 6 ... TD 167-191 = Enuma Elish
Hesiod, the Greek Theogony (main text)
Feb. 11 ... Egyptian Myths of Creation
Lot's Daughters (another Cataclysm survived)
Feb. 18 ... Quiz 2. (Feb. 17, President's Day Holiday)
Feb. 20 ... Gilgamesh & Co.= TD 195-219 (Guide)
Feb. 25 ... Enkidu and the Netherworld
[Feb. 27 ... Essay Outline is due; Mar. 6 essay is due
Unit II. The Hero's Quest (continued)
Feb. 27... End of the Iliad (16-24)= Homer 153-240
Mar. 4 ... Odyssey 9-13
Mar. 6 ... Odyssey 16-18
--Spring Break, Mar. 8-16--
Mar. 20 ... Quiz 3
Mar. 27 ... Norse Myth II (NME chh. 3-4)
April 1 ... Norse Myth III (NME chh. 6-7)
Gylfaginning 38-50 (Siring of Sleipnir, Journey to Utgard,
5th c. Background: Volsungs and Burgundians
April 8-10 ... Volsunga Saga 19-32 (Byock 65-92)
April 15 ... Quiz 4
April 22 ... Burkert ch. 1: defining Myth
April 24-29 … Burkert chh. 2-3 -- Ritual and Scapegoat
May 1-6 … Burkert chh. 4-5
May 8 … Review and Discussion
OR Essay 2 Journey Beyond
Final Exam (or Essay due) Thurs. May 15, 1:15pm
or as arranged