LLT 325                       Greek Civilization                         Fall 2016


Dr. Edwin Carawan   http://courses.missouristate.edu/ECarawan

office hours: 2pm  MWF; 1pm TTh,   Siceluff 115 

     ECarawan@missouristate.edu   ph. 836-4831



Objectives: This course is an introduction to the Classical Greek World with particular emphasis on the rise and fall of Athens, the birthplace of democracy, the cradle of tragedy and comedy, and the showcase for advances in art and architecture. We draw on primary sources to establish a basic understanding of the culture that gave rise to these developments, in two sections: 'The New World Order' that emerged after the Persian Wars and 'The Invention of Athens' as a national identity.


Requirements: the course grade consists of 2-3 Quizzes and 1-2 Essays, with option of Essay 2 or Quiz 3 (totaling 75%); and a Final Exam (25%).

The Quizzes and the Final include short-answer, brief identification, and discussion questions. The Essays should present a coherent argument (thesis, evidence and conclusion), based upon the readings and class discussions. The assigned readings should be completed for the scheduled date, so that you can make an informed contribution. Class participation will be essential and may be valued as much as a letter-grade.

Any academic dishonesty will be subject to sanctions proportional to the offense: no credit for Quiz; F for the course for plagiarism on Essays; XF on Final. See Student Academic Integrity. To make-up missed work or to make special arrangements to take or turn in required work at another time you should have a documented necessity. See also Policy Statement regarding Essays and electronic submissions.


Special considerations: We strongly support University policies to accommodate students with disabilities and to prevent or remedy discrimination of any kind. If you have a concern or special need, please advise the instructor. In regard to disabilities, you may also contact Disability Services (836-4192) http://www.missouristate.edu/disability; regarding discrimination, the Equal Opportunity Officer (836-4252) or go to http://www.missouristate.edu/human/eoaa.htm.


Texts:  Herodotus. On the War for Greek Freedom, Shirley  transl. (2003);  online at MIT,or better at SacredTexts.

Sophocles, Four Tragedies (Ajax etc.), Meineck & Woodruff trans.

Aristophanes I Clouds, Wasps, Birds,  Meineck transl.

Readings from Thucydides and Xenophon (linked to this syllabus)

Further materials will be provided in handout and online.

Additional resources can be found at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu



Aug. 23 . . .Introduction: a scene from Odyssey  2        Unit I.  The Persian Wars and the Rise of Athens         


Aug. 25 . . .  Background: birth of the polis. 

Scenes from the Bronze Age

Reading: Herodotus intro. pp. vii-xviii, and 1-17 Herodotus 1.1-71  -- 'Croesus and Cyrus'  Persian Empire (map)

Attica and Pisistratus           


Aug. 30 ... Cyrus and the Conquest of Asia

pp. 17-50 = 1.72-216  Custom and the Egyptians


Sept. 1 ... Fall of Cambyses, Rise of Darius:  pp.51-89 (books 2-5)


Sept. 6 ... Miletus to Marathon:   pp. 90-118 (books 5- 6)        Battle at Lade

A tale of 3 cities: evolving government much simplified  Map of the Aegean

Spartans at Thermopylae. Book 7, pp. 119-51    

Sept. 8 ... Salamis and Plataea,  Bks. 8-9, pp. 151-82.

Artemisia speaks


Sept. 13 . . .Quiz 1 guide    -- Practice Quiz  In-class exercise in national character


Sept. 15 ... Quiz 1           


 Unit II.  The New World Order        


Sept.  20  . . .  History and Tragedy: Art Overview.     Temple of Aphaia: West Pediment East Pediment               

Delian League to Athenian Empire

      Outline, Chronology 479-31         

Aeschylus Persians  759-842      


Sept. 22  . . .  Sophocles' Ajax               

fragment of song: from a classical chorus


Sept. 27  . . .  Sophocles' Trachiniae  ('Women of Trachis')  


Sept. 29 . . .  Trachiniae and Ajax (Discussion).      Prepare for in-class exercise on key themes,comparing

one character from each play, 2 defining passages for each character.


Oct. 4 ... Preview your Essay:

Brief thesis statement and Outline,

 listing key passages; send your outline as e-mail attachment

Sophists and speechwriters:  Anaxagoras (precursor of the Atomists)  and Antiphon  (Murder by Poisoning),  Intro, Art of the Empire: Tour of the ParthenonArchitectural Terms

Myron's Diskobolos (model of rhythmos)


Oct. 11  . . .   Essay 1: End of the Heroic Ethos   Submit your Essay as e-mail attachment


Unit III.   The Invention of Athens 

Oct. 6-18 ... Readings  from Thucydides, 1-10  Chronology


Oct. 6 ...Study questions on Thuc. 1 & 2.          

[1] 'Thucydides on the early History of Hellas'

[2] Athens Builds an Empire


Oct. 11...  (essay due)  Study questions  on  Thuc. 3-5     

[3] Congress at Lacedaemon                              

[4] Pericles' Funeral Speech                

[5] The Debate over Mitylene


Oct. 13 ... Study questions on Thuc. 6-7                           

[6] Civil War on Corcyra                     [7] Melian Dialogue              


Oct. 18Study questions on Thuc. 8-10                        

[8] Debate on Sicily  Map                   

[9] Alcibiades in Sparta        [10]  Disaster in Sicily  Map


Oct. 20  ...              Sophocles'  Electra

Oct. 25 ...Acropolis made plain.....Later Acropolis Buildings

Gorgias' Helen  ....Protagoras and Gorgias on Reality


Oct. 27 . . .  Review and discussion for Quiz 2 (link below)

Nov. 1. . . .   Quiz 2                                             


Nov. 3 ...  Aristophanes Wasps: comedy and social commentary snapshot from Acharnians: Megarian comes to market   (Doug Parker’s classic)       

Nov. 8-10......     Birds  and  Lysistrata [full text] Agon & End                   Chronology 411-322   Attica (map)

Nov. 15 . . . Sophocles' Philoctetes


Nov. 17Fall of Athens:

Readings 11-12 Study Guide

 The Restoration of Democracy     


[[Nov.  21-25,  Thanksgiving Break]]


Nov. 29Essay 2: Deciding Identity       

                   OR   Quiz 3


            Epilogue:  Individual and Polis 

Dec. 1 . . . Aristophanes Clouds  

Dec. 6 . . . Plato, Apology of Socrates ... (Text online)

Dec. 8   . . . Art at the End of Empire    

Review and Discussion:  Final Guide

One last democratic reform. 


Dec. 15 (Thur.) 11 am   . . .  Final Exam